Diagnosing and Treating Diabetes
- Posted on: Mar 30 2017
The term type 2 diabetes is bandied about in many news stories these days, as it is associated with a person being obese and more and more Americans are exactly that. But not everyone understands just what diabetes entails, whether it is the more traditional type 1 diabetes, or the rapidly growing type 2 version.
What is diabetes?
When a person has diabetes his or her body either doesn’t create or can’t use insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the cells. This is important because most of our food is broken down into glucose and is the main source of our energy. If glucose builds up in the blood instead of moving into the cells, serious health problems will follow.
Symptoms of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes usually develops either in childhood or adolescence. It can occur in adults, but that is rare. Type 1 diabetes requires manual insulin injections to manage blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes has similar symptoms to type 1 diabetes but develops later in life usually due to the person being overweight.
These are the symptoms of diabetes:
- Increased thirst
- Unusual weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Frequent infections
- Blurry vision
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Cuts or bruises that heal slowly
- Recurring skin, mouth, vaginal, or bladder infections
Risk factors for diabetes
Risk factors for type 1 diabetes include the presence of autoantibodies (damaging immune system cells), a family history of diabetes, along with environmental factors.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes increase with age and are:
- Being overweight
- Lack of exercise
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- High blood pressure
- Low levels of HDL cholesterol
At Park Avenue Endocrinology and Nutrition, we are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes. We use state-of-the-art equipment to diagnose and manage patients with diabetes, both type 1 and type 2.
With type 2 diabetes we design a comprehensive plan to address the condition that combines diet, exercise, and medication to effectively manage the condition.
With type 1 patients we use a variety of insulin pumps to simplify patient lives. We also utilize constantly evolving glucose monitoring systems.
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Posted in: Diabetes